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  • 11.01

    TroonFIT Running on the Links Series 4
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  • 11.07

    Music in the Garden Fall Concert Series
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  • 07.30

    23rd Annual Southwest Wings Birding & Nature Festival
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  • Photo Tour of the Arizona Desert and Missions One Day Tour

    Join us for this instructive Photo Tour of the Southern Arizona Desert and Spanish Missions one-day tour. We'll be joined by International Master Photographer and Guide, Stephen Gittins.
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  • Tombstone Day Trip

    Relive the legends of one of the Wild West's most famous towns Tombstone, Arizona, known as "The Town too Tough to Die." Visit the OK Corral, Birdcage Theatre, Big Nose Kate's Saloon and more!
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Latino/Hispanic Culture

Today’s rich Hispanic culture in Arizona exists because, unlike other European conquerors, Spain never wanted to eradicate the Indian people. Instead, Spain attempted to annex whole cultures, a philosophy that allowed for intermarriage and the continuation of both the Spanish and Indian cultures.

By the middle of the 19th century, the populations in most Southern and Central Arizona towns were 50 to 90 percent Hispanic. By the early 1860s, Tucson, a heavily Hispanic community, was an important trade center for the region.

Throughout Central and Southern Arizona, skilled men and women built a prosperous economy using traditional techniques of irrigation farming, ranching and mining. Independent Mexican freighters, dominated by educated Sonoran immigrants, including Esteban Ochoa and Antonio Contreras, and merchants transported most of the goods across Arizona, including provisions for mining camps and army forts.

After the Civil War, as Anglos began migrating into the territory, they often settled in existing Hispanic communities, changing the towns’ names as they went. Rio Salado became Tempe; Pueblo Viejo became Solomonville. But despite the new monikers, the Hispanic influence in Arizona can be felt and seen today in communities throughout the state.

For More Information

Learn more about Latino/Hispanic culture in Arizona at the Arizona Heritage Traveler.

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